New Mexico Assisted Living Facilities for Adults Training
Licensure Terms : Assisted Living Facilities for Adults
The New Mexico Department of Health, Division of Health Improvement, Health Facility Licensing and Certification Bureau, licenses and regulates assisted living facilities (ALFs), previously called adult residential care facilities. Facilities that provide a memory care unit must meet additional requirements relating to care coordination; staffing; employee training; individualized service plans (ISPs); assessments and re- evaluations; documentation; security; and resident rights.
The state does not have licensing provisions for the traditional adult foster care (AFC) model; the ALF regulations cover AFC homes serving two or more persons unrelated to the caregiver.
This profile includes summaries of selected regulatory provisions for ALFs. The complete regulations are online at the links provided at the end.
Assisted living facilities provide programmatic services and assistance with one or more activities of daily living (ADLs) to two or more individuals.
Agreements cover the scope of services to be provided–and their cost–and admission and discharge criteria.
Facilities that provide memory care must disclose to prospective residents information about staff training and qualifications; types of resident diagnosis or behaviors for which the facility provides services and which the staff are trained to address; and information about the care, services, and the type of secured environment provided.
Admission and Retention Policy
Facilities may not admit or retain individuals requiring 24-hour continuous nursing care, which includes but is not limited to those who: (1) are ventilator dependent; (2) have Stage III or IV pressure sores; (3) have any condition requiring either chemical or physical restraints; and (4) require intravenous therapy or injections. Exceptions may be made for residents receiving hospice care.
Facilities that provide a memory care unit must conduct a pre-admission assessment of a prospective resident to evaluate whether less restrictive alternatives are available and the basis for the admission to the secured environment, including a physician diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease or other dementia.
Residents may be discharged if the facility cannot meet their needs or if they endanger the safety or health of individuals in the facility.
Facilities must supervise and/or assist residents as necessary with specified nursing services; medication administration or self-administration; ADLs; recreation/social activities; laundry and housekeeping; and transportation services.
An interdisciplinary team assesses prospective residents to determine whether the facility can meet their needs, and reassesses current residents to determine if the facility can continue to meet their needs. An ISP is developed based on the assessment and reviewed by a licensed nurse at least every 6 months, or following a significant change in health status. The service plan must describe the services to be provided, as well as when, how, and by whom.
Residents may contract with hospice agencies and other third-party agencies. The facility must coordinate care provided within the building by outside agencies.
Medications may be self-administered by residents if their physician approves. If not, they may be self-administered with assistance by an individual who has completed a state-approved program in medication assistance, or administered by a physician, physician extender, licensed nurse, or the resident’s relatives. Staff who assist in the self-administration of medications must recognize interactions or possible side effects that might occur.
Facilities must have a consulting pharmacist who reviews medications at least quarterly to determine that all medication orders and records are accurate and current. Consultation consists of all aspects of facility pharmacy services, including providing reference information regarding side effects and, when needed, physician consultation in cases involving the use of psychotropic medications. The consulting pharmacist is responsible for ensuring that the facility meets storage, labeling, destruction, and documentation requirements of the State Board of Pharmacy.